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Average True Range - ATR Forex Technical Analysis and ATR Forex Trading Signals

Developed by J. Welles Wilder


This indicator is a measure of volatility - it measures the range of price movement for a particular price period. The ATR is a directionless indicator and it does not determine the direction of the Forex trend.

Average True Range (ATR) Technical Indicator


High ATR values

High Average True Range values indicated market bottoms after a sell off.



Low ATR values

Low Average True Range values showed extended periods of sideways price movement- Price Range, such as those found at market tops and consolidation periods. Low ATR values are typical for the periods of sideways movement of long duration which happen at the top of the market and during consolidation.




This indicator is calculated using the following:


  • Difference between the current high and the current low


  • Difference between the previous closing price and the current high


  • Difference between the previous closing price and the current low


The final Average is calculated by adding these values and calculating the average.



Forex Technical Analysis and Generating Forex Trading Signals


Average True Range can be interpreted using the same principles as other volatility indicators.


Possible trend change signal - The higher the value of the indicator, the higher the probability of a trend change;

Measure of trend momentum - The lower the indicator’s value, the weaker the trend movement.


Technical Analysis of Average True Range (ATR)- Sell and Buy Signals

Technical Analysis

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