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Chart Patterns

Chart patterns are graphical representations of repeating price action formations that are commonly used in the Forex market.


This is one of the studies used in technical analysis to help traders learn how to recognize these repeating formations.


These are important in Forex trading because when the market is not moving in a particular direction it is forming a pattern. It is important to know these formations so as to have an idea of what might be the next move in the Forex market.


When price movements are plotted there are several formations that occur naturally and repeat themselves over and over again. These formations are used by a lot of technical traders to predict the next market movement.


Traders often study these formations to gauge supply and demand forces that form the basis for price fluctuations.


These are classified into 3 different categories:


1. Reversal

  • Double tops
  • Double bottoms
  • Head and shoulders
  • Reverse head and shoulders


2. Continuation

  • Ascending triangle
  • Descending triangle
  • Bull flag/pennant
  • Bear flag/pennant


3. Bilateral

  • Symmetric triangle - Consolidation
  • Rectangle- Range



Reversal patterns confirm the reversal of the market trend once this setup is confirmed.These are formed after extended market trend either upward or downwards and the market is ready to reverse.


Continuation patterns are formations that set up the market for a continuation move in the direction of the prior Forex trend.These are formed when the market is taking a break before continuing in the same direction of the previous Forex trend.


Consolidation patterns form when the market is taking a break before deciding the next direction to take. When these are formed the market is trying to decide which direction to trade.


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Technical Analysis

There are two types of chart analysis, these two may seem similar but are not: the two are:


  • Chart Patterns - Study of a series of candlesticks formations


(This tutorial is about the second option above)



The different topics for these two types analysis are:


Japanese Candlesticks


Chart Patterns Tutorials


The examples below also illustrate the difference of the formations of these two technical analysis methods.


Candlesticks - Study of a single candlestick

Japanese Candlesticks Chart in Forex Trading


Chart Patterns - Study of a series of candlesticks

Example of a Consolidation Chart Patterns


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