Types of Forex Moving Averages - SMA, EMA, LWMA and SMMA
There are 4 types of forex moving averages:
- Simple forex moving average
- Exponential forex moving average
- Smoothed forex moving average
- Linear weighted forex moving average
The difference between these 4 forex moving averages is the weight assigned in to the most recent forex price data.
Simple Moving Average - SMA Forex Indicator
Forex SMA indicator applies equal weight to the forex data used to calculate the simple moving average and is calculated by summing up the price periods of a forex chart and this value is then divided by the number of such price periods. For example forex simple moving average 10, adds the price data for the last 10 forex price periods and divides them by 10.
Exponential Moving Average - EMA Forex Indicator
Forex EMA indicator applies more weight to the most recent forex price data and is calculated by assigning the latest forex price values more weight based on a percent P, multiplier that is used to multiply and assign more weight to the latest forex price data.
Linear Weighted Moving Average - LWMA Forex Indicator
Forex LWMA indicator moving averages applies more weight to the most recent forex price data and the latest data is of more value than earlier forex price data. Linear Weighted forex moving average is calculated by multiplying each of the forex closing prices within the series, by a certain weight coefficient.
Smoothed Moving Average - SMMA Forex Indicator
Forex SMMA Indicator is calculated by applying a smoothing factor of N, the smoothing factor is composed of N smoothing for N forex price periods.
The forex trading chart example below shows SMA, EMA and LWMA. The SMMA forex moving average is not commonly used so it is not shown below.
The LWMA forex indicator reacts fastest to price data, followed by the EMA and then the SMA.
SMA, LWMA, EMA - Types of Forex Moving Averages - SMA, EMA and LWMA
Day Trading Forex with Exponential and Simple Moving Averages
The SMA and EMA forex moving averages are the most commonly used Moving averages to trade forex. Whereas the EMA forex moving average has a more sophisticated method of calculation, its more popular than the SMA forex moving average.
Simple Moving Average is the arithmetic mean of the closing prices in the forex price period based on the set time period where each time period is added and then it is divided by the number of time forex price periods chosen. If 10 is the forex price period used the price for the last ten forex price periods added up then it is divided by 10.
SMA forex indicator is the result of a simple arithmetic average. Very simple and some Forex traders tend to associate with the Forex trend since it closely follows forex price action.
EMA on the other hand uses an acceleration factor and it is more responsive to the forex trend.
The SMA forex moving average is used in forex charts to analyze forex price action. If the forex price action in more than 3 or 4 time forex price periods the SMA then its an indication that long forex trades should be closed immediately and the bullish momentum of the buy forex trade is waning.
The shorter the SMA price period the faster it is to respond to forex price change. SMA forex indicator can be used to show direct information regarding the forex trend of the market and the strength by looking at its slope, the steeper or more pronounced slope of the SMA is, the stronger the Forex trend.
The Exponential Moving Average is also used by many forex traders in the same way but it reacts faster to the forex market moves and therefore it is more preferred by some forex traders.
The SMA and EMA can also be used to generate entry and exit points when forex trading. These Moving averages can also be combined with Fibonacci and ADX forex indicators to generate confirmation the forex trading signals generated by these moving averages.